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that came before. The paragraph should have its own topic sentence and follow the same format as the first body paragraph, with supporting details and a closing sentence. Each body paragraph should repeat the topic sentence, supporting details, and closing sentence format.
Use a New Heading When You Change Major Topics
Within your paragraphs, you should be sure to cite your sources using in-text citations. In APA style, these citations use the author's name, the date of publication, and the page number on which the information appears (for direct quotes). If not quoting directly, the page number is optional. You should provide a citation for each fact, summary, paraphrase, or quotation you use from an outside source. If you don't do this, it is plagiarism, a serious academic offense. An in-text citation to a quote from page 12 of a book by Christopher Clark would look like this (Clark, 2013, p. 12). Then, you list your source at the end of the paper in the Reference list. Such citations make it easy for readers to see where you gathered your information to check it for themselves.
Additionally, APA style typically asks students to use a standard font (such as Times New Roman, Arial, or Courier New for Windows, or Times, Helvetica, or Courier for Mac) at size 12. You should not use fancy fonts, colors in the text, or excessive amounts of boldface, underlining, or italics. The whole paper should be double-spaced with smooth left margins and jagged right margins. In APA style, the titles of books, movies, long plays, TV shows, journals, newspapers, magazines, and websites are Italicized. Short stories, poems, episodes of TV shows, and short plays are placed in "Quotation Marks." (This is for in-text mentions; the rules are different